Breast Reduction or Reduction Mammoplasty is a cosmetic surgical procedure that aims to reduce the size of overly large breasts so they will be proportionate to the body. This is done by way of removing the excess fat, skin and glandular tissue.
An overly large breast causes some women to feel discomfort due to its heavy weight. This can affect the neck, back and shoulders. Overly large breasts also make it hard to play sports and for some women can be a source of embarrassment. Another difficulty with overly large breasts is that it can be difficult for women to find the clothing, especially brassieres that fit them.
Prior to the procedure, a local anaesthetic or sedation is applied. The breast reduction is performed by first creating an incision around the nipple extending down to the breast crease in a vertical way. Occasionally an additional cut is made in the crease underneath the breast.
For the extremely heavy breast, a free nipple graft is necessary where the nipple is removed and repositioned at a higher point. But in most cases, the nipple remains at the location that it was originally attached, i.e. to its nerve and blood supply. The excess fat, skin and glandular tissue will then be removed and liposuction is used to take away the fat. In some cases, liposuction alone can reduce the size of the breast.
After the procedure, the surgeon stitches the inside of the breast to add support and the incision on the skin is also closed.
Risks and Complications:
Loss of sensation around the nipple and breast area
Refrained breast feeding
Discolouration of the nipple
Irregularities of the nipple and areola’s position
Unsatisfactory breast size result
Frequently Asked Questions:
1. How long does the breast reduction surgery last?
Breast reduction surgery normally lasts for 2 to 3 hours.
2. When can one get back to work after the breast reduction surgery?
One can go back to work in a span of 1 to 3 weeks.
3. When can I workout or exercise?
One can do exercises and workouts in 2 to 4 weeks.
4. When can I see final results?
Final results will be seen in 1-3 years after the scars have matured.
5. What is the recovery like?
There will be moderate discomfort within 3 to 7 days. There will also be swelling and bruising which will improve in a span of 2 to 4 weeks.