Microdermabrasion was developed in Italy in 1985. It is very popular in Europe and eventually gained popularity in the United States as well. It is a technique that offers the benefits of being the least invasive, with a fast recovery period and minimal risks compared to other conventional resurfacing methods.

Microdermabrasion is a procedure where very small grains of crystals are applied to peel off the outermost surface of the skin. In the past only a dermatologist or surgeon could perform this. But these days, a non-medical person can easily perform it and the procedure is widely offered in spas and hair salons.

Microdermabrasion is performed in two sections:

  1. Using an exfoliating material similar to diamond or crystals are spread to the face.
  2. Using a machine-based suction that is applied to softly elevate the skin during the process of exfoliation and remove the crystals.


This is a simple procedure that requires no injections or needles, and does not need anaesthetics. Furthermore, there is absolutely no pain during the whole process. To perform the procedure, it only requires a facial scrub, a machine comprising a vacuum suction, sterilized instruments, and a clean and germ free environment.

Benefits of Microdermabrasion:

  • Treats scarring due to acne
  • Treats wrinkles
  • Treats sunburn
  • Treats problem of a mild discolouration

Candidates for Microdermabrasion:

  • This procedure can usually be performed on anyone between the ages 12 – 65
  • Anyone suffering from common skin problems
  • People with fine lines or scars
  • People with acne discolouration or sallow or dull skin

The Procedure:


The main objective of Microdermabrasion is to eliminate the uppermost layer of the skin (known as the “stratum corneum”) in order to produce a revitalizing effect on the skin.

Microdermabrasion uses a pump that produces a high-pressure stream of crystals that includes aluminium oxide, sodium chloride, magnesium oxide, and sodium bicarbonate. This stream of crystals abrades the skin that loosens the dead skin cells, debris, old and dirt. Then a vacuum causes removal of the exfoliated skin cells as well as the inert crystals. The skin is broadened to attain tension in the area to acquire the finest abrasion. For best results, professionals suggest 6 – 12 treatment sessions.

Microdermabrasion has been proven to be a good skin therapy for those with shallow external skin disorders and stressful routines. Those at the age of 65 and up are prone to greater risks of having skin abrasion and bruising.

Depending on one’s skin sensitivity and tolerance, Microdermabrasion treatment can be done repeatedly within a period of 2 weeks. And since the normal skin usually regenerates itself every month, this treatment should be carried out regularly to bring about better results and significant skin improvement.

Possible Minor Risks and Complications:

  • Infection
  • Hypopigmentation / hyperpigmentation
  • Bleeding
  • Scarring
  • Perforation
  • Redness of the skin

Microdermabrasion is a very safe procedure. Provided that the environment where it will be performed is germ free and all the equipment is sterilized, no one should experience any complications.