Along with the platelets, red blood cells, and white blood cells is the plasma. These four are the main components that make up human blood. Plasma is 55% of our blood. It is responsible for transporting gases such as oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide; nutrients such as glucose, amino acids; lipids; proteins; hormones; ions like calcium, sodium, and chloride; and various waste products. Aside from these, plasma works with platelets to form scabs.
Platelets have a life span of about 7-10 days. Platelets are small discoid cells and are very essential, as they contribute to forming blood clots. When platelets are abundant in our body, the concept of PRP treatment is quite ingenious. Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) is a big component that results in a rapid healing of soft tissues and bone because of its richness in all kinds of cytokines and growth factors. As the concentrations of platelets increases, the efficiency of growth factors for healing injuries and rejuvenation of the body also increases. The platelets inside the PRP can even be activated by the inclusion of calcium chloride, and thrombin.
Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) was first used in an open-heart surgery in 1987 and has been introduced and trusted for facial rejuvenation in Europe, Japan and Australia in 2006 when its safety and effectiveness have been well established. PRP has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
PRP is widely used both in medical and cosmetic procedures. It is an important tool for medical treatments, like nerve injury, osteoarthritis, tendinitis, cardiac muscle injury, regeneration, bone repair, oral surgery, and plastic surgery.
In cosmetic procedures, producing PRP from your blood can be used to ‘clog’ up tears and cuts.
Furthermore, the growth factors from the platelets can stimulate the production of collagen, during the injection into the skin.
There are 2 ways to prepare the Platelet Rich Plasma in which both processes involve collecting whole blood. After that, the blood is centrifuged to separate the PRP from red blood cells and platelet-poor plasma. PRP has more than 5-fold platelet count compared to the normal baseline platelet which has about 200,000 per uL.
Before the PRP procedure, your practitioner will evaluate and assess the degree of skin ageing. A skin analysis may also be done. After the evaluation, the physician will discuss the reasonable result that can be expected after the treatment. Some of the time your practitioner may take a pre-treatment photo for comparison after the treatment.
Prior to the actual procedure, the skin needs to be cleansed. After which, a numbing cream may be applied to the skin before the collection of the blood from the arm. The collected blood will then be placed in a test tube for centrifugation. After this, the PRP is then injected into obvious wrinkles and lines, the remaining can and usually is injected in other parts of the skin like the neck. Because of the process that involves the collection of blood and injection of the PRP, this procedure has been termed as the ‘vampire facelift’ because your own blood is drawn from your body and injected into your face and neck.
PRP is considered very safe because it uses one’s own blood so there is only little to zero complications that could be possibly happen and they should be temporary.