Sun damaged skin has different effects and causes. It can be defined as the drying out of skin and the blemishes or pigmentation of skin. Over exposure to the sun causes the skin’s natural oils to deplete which may result in sunburnt skin and over time, skin cancer.
Here are some of the sun damaged skin types and their treatments:
Characterised by the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines, discolouration of the skin and changes in texture that appear prematurely aged and damaged.
Non-surgical facelift (using a variety of devices)
A painful reddening of the skin, sometimes appears with tiny bumps and blisters that occur after being exposed to the sun’s radiation.
Replenish the body with lots of fluids – water, juices, sports drinks
Have a cool bath
Apply topical anaesthetic creams
Apply Calamine lotion, aloe vera gel and/or moisturisers to cool the skin.
In Australia, this is the most common type of cancer.
Moh’s Surgery – micrographic surgery
Photodynamic laser therapy
Curettage and cautery (diathermy)
Ointments, creams (Immunomodifiers) and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory gel.
Also known as skin lesions, these are characterised by a wart-like or scaly appearance that may be reddish or dark in colour.
Excision – cutting off of the sun spot on the skin
Photodynamic therapy (PDT)
Topical creams, gels, and ointments.
ACTINIC KERATOSIS (Solar Keratosis)
This is due to prolonged or repeated sun exposure which may lead to skin cancer. It is a sandpaper type skin with tiny bumps and scaly patches that are yellowish, brownish, reddish or pinkish, and are commonly found on the face, nose, ears, lips, neck, scalp, ears, forearms, chest, and at back of the arms and forearms.
Cautery – the process of eradicating damaged tissues by way of burning
Curettage – scooping out or scraping out damaged tissues
Cryotherapy – destroying abnormal cells by way of freezing using liquid nitrogen
Topical creams – speak to your pharmacist.
Of course, the best treatment for sun damaged skin is prevention! This means wearing a hat and clothing that covers your skin; applying sunscreen on any skin that is exposed to the sun; staying in the shade on a hot day where possible, and; making sure that you apply quality after sun treatment – such as aloe vera – when you do have over exposure.